A Guide to Bussing in a Mix (+ Processing Tips) — Pro Audio Files

A Guide to Bussing in a Mix (+ Processing Tips) — Pro Audio Files

Danny Echevarria
– 11/11/2019

Separating instruments into mix groups is an essential part of audio production. Processing audio at the buss level, rather than with inserts on individual tracks, can not only lead to a more efficient workflow but also help productions shine in a natural and very musical way.

Here’s An Easy Way To Emulate A Useful Pro Tools Display Feature In Logic Pro X | Logic Pro

Here’s An Easy Way To Emulate A Useful Pro Tools Display Feature In Logic Pro X | Logic Pro

Here’s An Easy Way To Emulate A Useful Pro Tools Display Feature In Logic Pro X

I often hear Pro Tools users complain about Logic’s inability to display the length of a selected region. This is a feature necessary for editors working with sound design in post-production. It is a useful bit of information, always available in Pro Tools with a glance at the top of the window.

Eli Krantzberg writing for Logic Pro Expert – Tuesday, November 12, 2019

Set All Tracks to Automation Touch ⌃⇧⌘T – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Set All Tracks to Automation Touch    ⌃⇧⌘T

My normal starting state is to have Read automation turned on. Whatever automation there is gets applied. When mixing the state should be changed to Touch – whatever is there is read until you change a parameter (move a fader) which is in effect until you stop movement at which point automation is again Read.

I would probably use this command at the start of a first pass for a mix letting me alter all of the tracks as I need to. As mixing progresses, or focus on certain sections becomes important it might be better to set all the tracks to Read and only enable Touch on the important tracks.

Choose automation modes – Logic Pro X

Automation modes determine how automation tracks are treated. Automation is either being read or being written. You can independently set the automation mode for each track. You can also trim automation values and record relative automation data.

The X-Touch (I use X-Touch and MCU and Logic Control interchangeably) has an entire section of buttons and modes dedicated to automation. It makes sense since the automation is often applied from a physical controller – so much easier than turning knobs with a mouse…

Mackie Control automation buttons – Control Surfaces Help

Hold down the OPTION button, then press one of the Automation buttons to assign the selected automation mode to all channels. When an automation mode has been assigned to all channels, the corresponding automation mode button LED illuminates whenever you hold down the OPTION button.

 

  

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

Open Marker Text – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Open Marker Text

This opens the text window at the bottom of the Marker list. It would be even more fun if it would open the window AND let you start entering text. That is not to be.

For workflow – during an initial listen to a mix it can be very helpful to set markers at points of interest. Distraction of the visual interface is not a good thing.

Create a marker – ⌥’
Now rename the marker – ⇧’
and start typing the note. A carriage return closes off the text. Don’t worry about the display!

For purposes of cross-DAW work you can create a MIDI file that contains *LOTS* of useful information.

Create an external MIDI track (or have one in your template) and insert any *real* MIDI event.

If you now export all MIDI tracks to a MIDI file the MIDI file will contain tempo, key signature, and all of the markers.

Markers overview – Logic Pro X

 

Markers can help you organize your project, and also act as storage areas for locator positions.

 

 

 

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

Meta Messages In Logic

Meta Messages In Logic

In addition to standard MIDI messages, Logic uses two special message types to carry out certain operations and to communicate among its various components. In the Logic Notes column in SOS December 2002 we had a look at Fader messages, which are used for track-based automation. Here we’ll examine Meta messages, which have several functions within Logic. One thing to keep in mind as you read this is that these special message types only travel within Logic — they never venture down the MIDI pipeline to confuse your gear or other MIDI applications.

The Wayback Machine takes us to 2003 to get a description of Meta messages and what the are good for in Logic – even today, sixteen years later…

Time For an Occasional Reminder re: How to Pay For My Books – Whatever

Time For an Occasional Reminder re: How to Pay For My Books – Whatever

Don’t send me money directly for the books I write, actually go ahead and buy them from a bookstore.

John Scalzi on giving him money directly as opposed to through his publisher. I kind of wish I trusted the record labels as much as Mr. Scalzi trusts his publisher.

I think he’s right.

I have made inquiry to record labels asking how to get the most money to the artists, and received replies. In a t least one case the artist work had been “for hire” so it didn’t matter, they got payed to perform.

Support the people and organizations that make the things you love possible. Really.

Record Repeat – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Record Repeat

The description makes it sound like a “cycle” recording, but that would be better described by multiple takes. Use this command to not make a new take, but to simply delete the current recording and start recording anew.

I expect that this would be a very handy command to program into Logic Remote. Using Logic Remote to control recording is an excellent idea, and remarkably useful for doing self recordings. No need to sit in front of the computer to drive the DAW, just be in the recording position and use a tool in your hands or next to you.

Advanced recording commands – Logic Pro X

Record/Record Repeat: Use to delete the recording, move the playhead back to the recording start position, and start recording again.

 

 

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

Set pick finger P – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Set pick finger P

Scoring stringed instruments. Not something I do very often, in fact, not at all.

This is what I had to say before…

Set pick finger C – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day – learning at the elbow of the internet

This is deep into the scoring of stringed instruments. A long way away from what I use Logic for.

 

 

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

Force Accidental (only flats & sharps) – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Force Accidental (only flats & sharps)

Inserts an accidental for the selected note(s) if one is needed for the given key signature. Normally the reader is expected to know that a note is sharp, flat, whichever, but sometimes the visual reminder is useful.

When I used to practice for orchestral concerts I would often pencil in the appropriate accidental simply to remind me.

The “only flats & sharps” does just that, only inserts flats and sharps. The “Force Accidental” command will also place natural signs on the notes.

In “proper” musical notation the addition of an accidental changes the note – adding a sharp or flat. It is rare to see this kind of notation in classical literature, but it does occur in Twentieth Century (and beyond) scores. I always questioned stray accidentals…un-trusting soul that I am. 

Change the display and position of accidentals – Logic Pro X

By default, the display of accidentals depends on the chosen key signature. Using note attributes, you can change flats to sharps, and vice versa. For information about setting the key signature, see Add key and time signature changes.

 

 

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

Stem End: Move Up ⌥⌘↑ – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Stem End: Move Up    ⌥⌘↑

Make the stem end longer (if it is pointing up) or shorter (if it is pointing down). Scoring music is such a fiddly thing. You can create some odd looking scores in the Score Editor.

Change stem direction, length, and beaming – Logic Pro X

By default, a note’s stem direction and length depend on the settings in the Staff Style window. You can change these attributes to improve readability; for example, to group notes meant to be played as a voice in a polyphonic passage.

 

 

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

How To Use Reverb and Delay in Series for a Spacious Vocal Sound – Audio Issues : Audio Issues

How To Use Reverb and Delay in Series for a Spacious Vocal Sound – Audio Issues : Audio Issues

So I added the delay plug-in after the reverb to add the effect. But that made the reverb too delay-y, so I turned the wet/dry signal to 50/50.

That way some of the reverb came through unaffected to add normal space, while some of the reverb was delayed to add a subtle echo effect.

After adding an EQ to filter out the highs and the lows, the vocal space sat nicely with the rest of the mix.

Thanks to Björgvin Benediktsson for the tip…

Fade Zones no more

I have had “Fade Zones” and “Marquee Zones” turned on for some time. I keep forgetting to make the “right tool” be something other than the Marquee tool – that’s a simple cursor position in the bottom half of the region.

I don’t fade regions often, so taking the entire top half of a region for a particular tool seems like a waste.

The Fade tool can be invoked by simply holding down control and shift (⌃⇧) and dragging the pointer tool across  the start/end of a region – or across a region split, the typical place I would need the tool frequently.

Create Lane Set for Current Events – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Create Lane Set for Current Events

Quickly focus the Step Editor on the events you have selected. Creates lanes and brings them into view in the editor window.

Create lanes – Logic Pro X

You can create new lanes, and set corresponding Lane parameters, in several ways.

 

 

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

Trim Note End to Selected (Force Legato) ⌘3⃣ – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

Trim Note End to Selected (Force Legato)        ⌘3⃣

Extend notes to remove “space” between them. Remove articulation? Such an odd wording. Effectively attaches one note to the next.

 

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

Send Used Instruments MIDI Settings – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Send Used Instruments MIDI Settings

Logic will “reset” MIDI settings for instruments that are “used”, as the documentation says, “intelligently”. We can force the transmission of MIDI settings by using this command. Program change, volume, and pan. I sure could have used this kind of command back when I was working with the Orchestra Nova – 8 performers, 8 keyboards, many ROMplers. It was always a challenge to get each device set properly during performances.

Reset Messages preferences – Logic Pro X

These preferences are included for compatibility with older MIDI hardware. For selected controller types, a reset message is sent to all MIDI outputs. This reset message is sent on cycle jumps and when playback begins. However, Logic Pro handles MIDI reset messages automatically and intelligently, so you should generally make sure that all of these options are unselected—which they are, by default.

 

 

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND