Region Automation: Portamento Time – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

  Region Automation: Portamento Time

One of the many MIDI messages that can be automated. Creating an automation point adds an event with the control change message. Portamento Time is a required feature of the General MIDI GM2 specification.

From the MIDI specification (1996)

Portamento Control (PTC) is a recent addition, and defines a continuous controller that communicates which note number the subsequent note is gliding from. It is intended for special effects in playing back pre-sequenced material, so that legato with portamento may be realized while in Poly mode.

General MIDI 2 (GM 2)

 

– Portamento Time (cc#5)

 

 

 Control Change Messages (Data Bytes)

 

5 00000101 05 Portamento Time 0-127 MSB

 

 

Create 1 Track Automation Point each for Volume, Pan, Sends – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

#LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Create 1 Track Automation Point each for Volume, Pan, Sends

Set up automation points for a “typical” set of parameters.

Add and adjust automation points in Logic Pro – Apple Support

To create changes over time to volume, pan, and effects settings, you add automation points to a track’s automation curve at different places, and then adjust the automation points so the value of the setting changes. You can adjust automation points by moving them up or down to a new value or by moving them left or right to a new point in the timeline. Numerical values are displayed alongside each automation point. You can also raise or lower the value of MIDI parameters associated with notes in instrument tracks or Drummer tracks. Note and numerical values are displayed alongside each MIDI data point. You can also add automation points at selection area or region borders.

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

Set Move Track Automation with Regions to Always – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

#LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Set Move Track Automation with Regions to Always

Sometimes the automation is what really makes the sound. 

Select, copy, and move automation in Logic Pro – Apple Support

In Logic Pro, control-click the track lane, then choose one of the following options from the shortcut menu that appears:

  • Never move Automation with Regions
  • Always move Automation with Regions
  • Ask to move Automation with Regions

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

Autoselect Automation Parameter in Read Mode – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Automation curves displayed for a track

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Autoselect Automation Parameter in Read Mode

New in LPX10.5. It looks like the only “easy” way to find information about Logic is to open the Help Viewer and search from there. Eventually I can find a link to the spot in the support documentation.

Show automation curves in Logic Pro – Apple Support

You can automatically show the automation curve of any parameter you click in a channel strip, plug-in editor, or track header on the main automation lane.

A copy/paste of the help information produces useless links to the Logic support site.

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

Region Automation: Control Change 28 – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Region Automation: Control Change 28

One of the Region Automations that has a command available for setting. With automation showing (press the A key) you click on the “Track” automation button to change it to “Region”. All 128 MIDI CC can be automated, as well as things in the Logic workspace.

Most of the MIDI CC automations actually insert the MIDI CC messages into the Event List.

Use the Automation/MIDI area in the Piano Roll Editor – Logic Pro X

Show region-based automation in the MIDI/Automation area

 

 

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

Four VCA Channel Applications – PreSonus Blog

A VCA is a useful tool. In Logic Pro X you can create a VCA with a “Folder Stack”.

Four VCA Channel Applications – PreSonus Blog

A VCA Channel has a fader, but it doesn’t pass audio. Instead, the fader acts like a gain control for other channels, or groups of channels. In some ways, you can think of a VCA Channel as “remote control” for other channels. If you assign a VCA to control a channel, you can adjust the channel gain, without having to move the associated channel’s fader. The VCA Channel fader does it for you.

Region Automation: Control Change 23 – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Region Automation: Control Change 23

Program MIDI Control Change 23 for the selected region.

Drawing in MIDI CC messages using Region Automation can be far simpler than trying to insert events in the event list or adding them in the Step Editor.

Music Programming 301.

MIDI CC23 – called Control Change in Logic – is an undefined Continuous Controller. CC23 contains the MSB (most significant bits) of the control value. MIDI CC55 contains the LSB (least significant bits) or “fine control” values.

Control Change Messages (Data Bytes)

The following table lists all currently defined Control Change messages and Channel Mode messages, in control number order (adapted from “MIDI by the Numbers” by D. Valenti-Electronic Musician 2/88, and updated by the MIDI Manufacturers Association.) This table is intended as an overview of MIDI, and is by no means complete.

 

 Show automation curves – Logic Pro X

Before you can add automation points to a track’s automation curves, you need to show the automation curves. Automation curves are displayed as colored curves and points on top of audio and MIDI regions across the track, running the length of the project. You can choose whether to view and edit automation across the track (track-based automation) or only within the track’s regions (region-based automation).

 

 

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

Snap Automation Mode: 1/64 Triplet (1/96) – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Snap Automation Mode: 1/64 Triplet (1/96)

Events and time. The abstraction of note duration and interpretation is intriguing. I have seen 64th notes (hemisemidemiquaver) in scores, but I don’t think I’ve ever seen a 64th note triplet. The abstraction tends to break down about this point in the mapping. This is the point where I would be switching to SMPTE frames for alignment.

Snap automation to grid positions – Logic Pro X

 

You can snap track automation to grid positions. You can choose if you want automation to automatically use the division value chosen in the Snap menu, or you can choose a different snap value for automation.

 

 

 

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

While I was chasing down hemidemisemiquaver I read a bit about 128th notes on Wikipedia. This little gem was in the first paragraph. Hmmm.

Since human pitch perception begins at 20 Hz (1200/minute), then a 128th-note tremolo becomes a single pitch in perception at quarter note= 37.5 bpm.

Region Automation: Pitch Bend – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Region Automation: Pitch Bend

One of the nice things about region automation is the ability to create MIDI events (they show up in the event list) using the pencil tool while working in the track/region context. Editing without using the Piano Roll or Event List.

Region-based vs. track-based automation – Logic Pro X

 

Logic Pro offers two types of automation: track-based automation, and region-based automation. Track-based automation can be applied to the entire track, from the beginning to the end of your project. Region-based automation only applies to the specific region the automation parameters are connected to. With track-based automation, if you re-record, move or copy regions (either to another point on the same track, or to another track) the automation data remains tied to the initial point on the track in which it was created. With region-based automation, if you re-record the region, the automation is lost; if you move or copy the region (either to another point on the same track, or to another track) the automation remains with the region. Region-based automation is particularly useful when you are automating instrument parameters.

 

 

 Show automation curves – Logic Pro X

 

Before you can add automation points to a track’s automation curves, you need to show the automation curves. Automation curves are displayed as colored curves and points on top of audio and MIDI regions across the track, running the length of the project. You can choose whether to view and edit automation across the track (track-based automation) or only within the track’s regions (region-based automation).

 

 

 

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

Region Automation: Program Change – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Region Automation: Program Change

One of the vast array of things that can be automated. 

I thought things might get confusing if there were program change events in a region and automation was used to make a program change. No, it’s not. The “automation” is accomplished with Program Change events. If you create an automation point the event is inserted in the region.

The Region Automation commands as found in the Key Commands are not the only things that can be automated. Any MIDI event can be programmed for any channel. It’s a different way of adding events to the MIDI region.

Region-based vs. track-based automation – Logic Pro X

 

Logic Pro offers two types of automation: track-based automation, and region-based automation. Track-based automation can be applied to the entire track, from the beginning to the end of your project. Region-based automation only applies to the specific region the automation parameters are connected to. With track-based automation, if you re-record, move or copy regions (either to another point on the same track, or to another track) the automation data remains tied to the initial point on the track in which it was created. With region-based automation, if you re-record the region, the automation is lost; if you move or copy the region (either to another point on the same track, or to another track) the automation remains with the region. Region-based automation is particularly useful when you are automating instrument parameters.

 

 

 Show automation curves – Logic Pro X

 

Before you can add automation points to a track’s automation curves, you need to show the automation curves. Automation curves are displayed as colored curves and points on top of audio and MIDI regions across the track, running the length of the project. You can choose whether to view and edit automation across the track (track-based automation) or only within the track’s regions (region-based automation).

 

 

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

Command    Key Touch Bar
- Views Showing Time Ruler
Region Automation: Volume
Region Automation: Panorama
Region Automation: Balance
Region Automation: Modulation
Region Automation: Breath
Region Automation: Foot Control
Region Automation: Portamento Time
Region Automation: Expression
Region Automation: Sustain Pedal
Region Automation: Control Change 20
Region Automation: Control Change 21
Region Automation: Control Change 22
Region Automation: Control Change 23
Region Automation: Control Change 24
Region Automation: Control Change 25
Region Automation: Control Change 26
Region Automation: Control Change 27
Region Automation: Control Change 28
Region Automation: Control Change 29
Region Automation: Control Change 30
Region Automation: Control Change 31
Region Automation: Control Change 32
Region Automation: Surround Angle
Region Automation: Surround Diversity
Region Automation: Surround LFE
Region Automation: Channel Pressure
Region Automation: Pitch Bend
Region Automation: Program Change
Region Automation: Note Velocity

Region Automation: Breath – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Region Automation: Breath

Automation is the “program” that is applied to the tracks in the project. The sounds that are made come from the MIDI instruments or audio files that “sound” at a point in time. What happens to the sound is modified by plugins. All of the things that can occur over time – changes to plugins, volume, pan, all of it – the automation – is the program that gets written to create the finished product.

It appears that almost every single bit of what Logic can do is available as an “automation” parameter. We program the environment through automation, and allow real-time control to be applied – and recorded!

The available commands are a subset of what can actually be automated by selecting from the drop-down menu. I’m not sure that I am ready to learn how to progam using faders 😉

Region-based vs. track-based automation – Logic Pro X

 

Logic Pro offers two types of automation: track-based automation, and region-based automation. Track-based automation can be applied to the entire track, from the beginning to the end of your project. Region-based automation only applies to the specific region the automation parameters are connected to. With track-based automation, if you re-record, move or copy regions (either to another point on the same track, or to another track) the automation data remains tied to the initial point on the track in which it was created. With region-based automation, if you re-record the region, the automation is lost; if you move or copy the region (either to another point on the same track, or to another track) the automation remains with the region. Region-based automation is particularly useful when you are automating instrument parameters.

 

 

 

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

Command    Key Touch Bar
- Views Showing Time Ruler
Region Automation: Volume
Region Automation: Panorama
Region Automation: Balance
Region Automation: Modulation
Region Automation: Breath
Region Automation: Foot Control
Region Automation: Portamento Time
Region Automation: Expression
Region Automation: Sustain Pedal
Region Automation: Control Change 20
Region Automation: Control Change 21
Region Automation: Control Change 22
Region Automation: Control Change 23
Region Automation: Control Change 24
Region Automation: Control Change 25
Region Automation: Control Change 26
Region Automation: Control Change 27
Region Automation: Control Change 28
Region Automation: Control Change 29
Region Automation: Control Change 30
Region Automation: Control Change 31
Region Automation: Control Change 32
Region Automation: Surround Angle
Region Automation: Surround Diversity
Region Automation: Surround LFE
Region Automation: Channel Pressure
Region Automation: Pitch Bend
Region Automation: Program Change
Region Automation: Note Velocity

Region Automation: Expression – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Region Automation: Expression

I am somewhat curious about the number of Region Automation commands. It is possible that the set is a holdover from Logic Pro 9. If I use the pop-up menu for Region Automation choice I can select any of the 128 MIDI CC messages.

You can choose both the MIDI channel number and the CC message that you want to automate.

Whole programs written to the 16 channels and 128 parameters. The clock is a bit limited by the MIDI implementation.

Looking forward to MIDI 2.0 and what it might bring…

MIDI Clock is 24 PPQN (parts per quarter note)

MIDI Time Code uses absolute time in its messages (the actual time on the clock from the beginning of the song or reference point in hours, minutes, seconds, frames, and subframes). This data can then be translated into SMPTE messages (the kind of synchronization data used in film and television).

Use the Automation/MIDI area in the Piano Roll Editor – Logic Pro X

 

Note: Region-based automation is effectively the same as MIDI Draw in previous versions of Logic Pro. If you had MIDI Draw data in a project created in a previous version of Logic Pro, it appears as region-based automation data.

 

 

 

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

Command Key Touch Bar
– Views Showing Time Ruler
Region Automation: Volume
Region Automation: Panorama
Region Automation: Balance
Region Automation: Modulation
Region Automation: Breath
Region Automation: Foot Control
Region Automation: Portamento Time
Region Automation: Expression
Region Automation: Sustain Pedal
Region Automation: Control Change 20
Region Automation: Control Change 21
Region Automation: Control Change 22
Region Automation: Control Change 23
Region Automation: Control Change 24
Region Automation: Control Change 25
Region Automation: Control Change 26
Region Automation: Control Change 27
Region Automation: Control Change 28
Region Automation: Control Change 29
Region Automation: Control Change 30
Region Automation: Control Change 31
Region Automation: Control Change 32
Region Automation: Surround Angle
Region Automation: Surround Diversity
Region Automation: Surround LFE
Region Automation: Channel Pressure
Region Automation: Pitch Bend
Region Automation: Program Change
Region Automation: Note Velocity

Show/Hide Automation A ⌃1⃣ – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Show/Hide Automation   A   ⌃1⃣

Expose the automation lanes for tracks. This is why we have computers for making music 😉

Show automation curves – Logic Pro X

Before you can add automation points to a track’s automation curves, you need to show the automation curves. Automation curves are displayed as colored curves and points on top of audio and MIDI regions across the track, running the length of the project. You can choose whether to view and edit automation across the track (track-based automation) or only within the track’s regions (region-based automation).

 

 

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

Toggle Current Track Automation Write/Read – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Toggle Current Track Automation Write/Read

Switch between Read automation and Write automation.

Read automation performs automation moves. Turning automation off is like muting the actions.’

Write automation writes over (replaces) any automation currently on the track. This is not a typical command.

When switching to Write automation Logic issues the warning

“Write” mode erases multiple parameters in one go without touching anything!
In most cases it is better to use “Latch” or “Touch”.

and waits for you to confirm what you are doing. The warning is only issued once (per session apparently.) The warning is issued if you create a key command to perform the operation.

Choose automation modes – Logic Pro X

 

Write: Erases existing automation on the track as the playhead passes over it. Records the new control movement or deletes the existing data if you do nothing.

 

 

 

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

Snap Automation Mode: Automatic – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Snap Automation Mode: Automatic

Sets the snap automation to “smart” which will choose an appropriate value for snapping to the grid.

The automation snap to grid can have different granularity than the snap regions/notes.

Snap automation to grid positions – Logic Pro X

Choose Snap Automation from the Snap pop-up menu and select a value from the submenu.

 

 

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND