Region Automation: Breath – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Region Automation: Breath

Automation is the “program” that is applied to the tracks in the project. The sounds that are made come from the MIDI instruments or audio files that “sound” at a point in time. What happens to the sound is modified by plugins. All of the things that can occur over time – changes to plugins, volume, pan, all of it – the automation – is the program that gets written to create the finished product.

It appears that almost every single bit of what Logic can do is available as an “automation” parameter. We program the environment through automation, and allow real-time control to be applied – and recorded!

The available commands are a subset of what can actually be automated by selecting from the drop-down menu. I’m not sure that I am ready to learn how to progam using faders 😉

Region-based vs. track-based automation – Logic Pro X

 

Logic Pro offers two types of automation: track-based automation, and region-based automation. Track-based automation can be applied to the entire track, from the beginning to the end of your project. Region-based automation only applies to the specific region the automation parameters are connected to. With track-based automation, if you re-record, move or copy regions (either to another point on the same track, or to another track) the automation data remains tied to the initial point on the track in which it was created. With region-based automation, if you re-record the region, the automation is lost; if you move or copy the region (either to another point on the same track, or to another track) the automation remains with the region. Region-based automation is particularly useful when you are automating instrument parameters.

 

 

 

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

Command    Key Touch Bar
- Views Showing Time Ruler
Region Automation: Volume
Region Automation: Panorama
Region Automation: Balance
Region Automation: Modulation
Region Automation: Breath
Region Automation: Foot Control
Region Automation: Portamento Time
Region Automation: Expression
Region Automation: Sustain Pedal
Region Automation: Control Change 20
Region Automation: Control Change 21
Region Automation: Control Change 22
Region Automation: Control Change 23
Region Automation: Control Change 24
Region Automation: Control Change 25
Region Automation: Control Change 26
Region Automation: Control Change 27
Region Automation: Control Change 28
Region Automation: Control Change 29
Region Automation: Control Change 30
Region Automation: Control Change 31
Region Automation: Control Change 32
Region Automation: Surround Angle
Region Automation: Surround Diversity
Region Automation: Surround LFE
Region Automation: Channel Pressure
Region Automation: Pitch Bend
Region Automation: Program Change
Region Automation: Note Velocity

Region Automation: Expression – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Region Automation: Expression

I am somewhat curious about the number of Region Automation commands. It is possible that the set is a holdover from Logic Pro 9. If I use the pop-up menu for Region Automation choice I can select any of the 128 MIDI CC messages.

You can choose both the MIDI channel number and the CC message that you want to automate.

Whole programs written to the 16 channels and 128 parameters. The clock is a bit limited by the MIDI implementation.

Looking forward to MIDI 2.0 and what it might bring…

MIDI Clock is 24 PPQN (parts per quarter note)

MIDI Time Code uses absolute time in its messages (the actual time on the clock from the beginning of the song or reference point in hours, minutes, seconds, frames, and subframes). This data can then be translated into SMPTE messages (the kind of synchronization data used in film and television).

Use the Automation/MIDI area in the Piano Roll Editor – Logic Pro X

 

Note: Region-based automation is effectively the same as MIDI Draw in previous versions of Logic Pro. If you had MIDI Draw data in a project created in a previous version of Logic Pro, it appears as region-based automation data.

 

 

 

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

Command Key Touch Bar
– Views Showing Time Ruler
Region Automation: Volume
Region Automation: Panorama
Region Automation: Balance
Region Automation: Modulation
Region Automation: Breath
Region Automation: Foot Control
Region Automation: Portamento Time
Region Automation: Expression
Region Automation: Sustain Pedal
Region Automation: Control Change 20
Region Automation: Control Change 21
Region Automation: Control Change 22
Region Automation: Control Change 23
Region Automation: Control Change 24
Region Automation: Control Change 25
Region Automation: Control Change 26
Region Automation: Control Change 27
Region Automation: Control Change 28
Region Automation: Control Change 29
Region Automation: Control Change 30
Region Automation: Control Change 31
Region Automation: Control Change 32
Region Automation: Surround Angle
Region Automation: Surround Diversity
Region Automation: Surround LFE
Region Automation: Channel Pressure
Region Automation: Pitch Bend
Region Automation: Program Change
Region Automation: Note Velocity

Show/Hide Automation A ⌃1⃣ – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Show/Hide Automation   A   ⌃1⃣

Expose the automation lanes for tracks. This is why we have computers for making music 😉

Show automation curves – Logic Pro X

Before you can add automation points to a track’s automation curves, you need to show the automation curves. Automation curves are displayed as colored curves and points on top of audio and MIDI regions across the track, running the length of the project. You can choose whether to view and edit automation across the track (track-based automation) or only within the track’s regions (region-based automation).

 

 

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

Toggle Current Track Automation Write/Read – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Toggle Current Track Automation Write/Read

Switch between Read automation and Write automation.

Read automation performs automation moves. Turning automation off is like muting the actions.’

Write automation writes over (replaces) any automation currently on the track. This is not a typical command.

When switching to Write automation Logic issues the warning

“Write” mode erases multiple parameters in one go without touching anything!
In most cases it is better to use “Latch” or “Touch”.

and waits for you to confirm what you are doing. The warning is only issued once (per session apparently.) The warning is issued if you create a key command to perform the operation.

Choose automation modes – Logic Pro X

 

Write: Erases existing automation on the track as the playhead passes over it. Records the new control movement or deletes the existing data if you do nothing.

 

 

 

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

Snap Automation Mode: Automatic – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Snap Automation Mode: Automatic

Sets the snap automation to “smart” which will choose an appropriate value for snapping to the grid.

The automation snap to grid can have different granularity than the snap regions/notes.

Snap automation to grid positions – Logic Pro X

Choose Snap Automation from the Snap pop-up menu and select a value from the submenu.

 

 

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

Create 2 Track Automation Points for Visible Parameter – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Create 2 Track Automation Points for Visible Parameter

There are commands for creating automation points for things like Volume, Pan, and Sends. This command will create two automation points for the parameter that is currently showing in Automation. This is the simple way to add automation points to control a Smart Control, an EQ parameter, just about anything.

Region-based vs. track-based automation – Logic Pro X

Logic Pro offers two types of automation: track-based automation, and region-based automation. Track-based automation can be applied to the entire track, from the beginning to the end of your project. Region-based automation only applies to the specific region the automation parameters are connected to. With track-based automation, if you re-record, move or copy regions (either to another point on the same track, or to another track) the automation data remains tied to the initial point on the track in which it was created. With region-based automation, if you re-record the region, the automation is lost; if you move or copy the region (either to another point on the same track, or to another track) the automation remains with the region. Region-based automation is particularly useful when you are automating instrument parameters.

 

 

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

Create 2 Track Automation Points at Region Borders ⌃⇧⌘2 – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Create 2 Track Automation Points at Region Borders    ⌃⇧⌘2

This creates automation points that effectively give you an automation ‘curve’ for the region selected, and an automation ‘curve’ for the before-region and the after-region. Basically you can simply adjust the automation ‘inside’ the region.

The ‘Automate mix and effect settings’ section of the manual is a very good read.

Add and adjust automation points – Logic Pro X

To add two automation points at each region border: Select the region, then choose Mix > Create Track Automation > Create 2 Automation Points at Region Borders.

This pointer to a video from Eli Krantzberg is very enlightening about automation points.

Logic Pro Expert | Learn The Secret Handshake and Become a Member of Logic’s Hidden Automation Key Combination Elite – learning at the elbow of the internet

 

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

Delete Redundant Automation Points ⌃⌫ – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Delete Redundant Automation Points    ⌃⌫

Automation points can get in the way of each other. Clean your room!

Delete automation – Logic Pro X

Delete Redundant Automation Points: Removes all redundant automation points on all regions and tracks.

 

 

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

Move All Track Automation to Region ⌃⇧⌘↓ – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Move All Track Automation to Region    ⌃⇧⌘↓

I don’t see automation move from track to region when I use this command. I am not sure if the automation is moved (copied to region, removed from track) or simply copied. Needs investigation.

Hmm. The command is now ‘Convert All Track Automation to Region’ located in the ‘Mix’ menu item.

Does not do what is expected…here is a tutorial from Logic Pro 9…music.tutsplus.com – Toby Pitman

Looping Track Automation in Logic Pro

In this tutorial I’m going to show you how to loop Track Automation in Logic Pro without having to physically copy it. This technique can be a real time saver as re-editing your copied Automation data for a loop means you have to re-copy the parts again! Not any more folks!!!

 

 

Region-based vs. track-based automation – Logic Pro X

Logic Pro offers two types of automation: track-based automation, and region-based automation. Track-based automation can be applied to the entire track, from the beginning to the end of your project. Region-based automation only applies to the specific region the automation parameters are connected to. With track-based automation, if you re-record, move or copy regions (either to another point on the same track, or to another track) the automation data remains tied to the initial point on the track in which it was created. With region-based automation, if you re-record the region, the automation is lost; if you move or copy the region (either to another point on the same track, or to another track) the automation remains with the region. Region-based automation is particularly useful when you are automating instrument parameters.

 

 

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

Snap Automation Mode: 1/16 Triplet (1/24) – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Snap Automation Mode: 1/16 Triplet (1/24)

Automating performance characteristics is something I wanted in 1990. Seeing a 1/16th triplet describe as a 1/24th note is intriguing, but only because it makes sense when trying to regularize time for performance. What would  1/24th note look like?

Snap automation to grid positions – Logic Pro X

You can snap track automation to grid positions. You can choose if you want automation to automatically use the division value chosen in the Snap menu, or you can choose a different snap value for automation.

 

 

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

Set All Tracks to Automation Touch ⌃⇧⌘T – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Set All Tracks to Automation Touch    ⌃⇧⌘T

My normal starting state is to have Read automation turned on. Whatever automation there is gets applied. When mixing the state should be changed to Touch – whatever is there is read until you change a parameter (move a fader) which is in effect until you stop movement at which point automation is again Read.

I would probably use this command at the start of a first pass for a mix letting me alter all of the tracks as I need to. As mixing progresses, or focus on certain sections becomes important it might be better to set all the tracks to Read and only enable Touch on the important tracks.

Choose automation modes – Logic Pro X

Automation modes determine how automation tracks are treated. Automation is either being read or being written. You can independently set the automation mode for each track. You can also trim automation values and record relative automation data.

The X-Touch (I use X-Touch and MCU and Logic Control interchangeably) has an entire section of buttons and modes dedicated to automation. It makes sense since the automation is often applied from a physical controller – so much easier than turning knobs with a mouse…

Mackie Control automation buttons – Control Surfaces Help

Hold down the OPTION button, then press one of the Automation buttons to assign the selected automation mode to all channels. When an automation mode has been assigned to all channels, the corresponding automation mode button LED illuminates whenever you hold down the OPTION button.

 

  

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

Region Automation: Control Change 27 – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Region Automation: Control Change 27

Select CC27 for Region Automation. There a lots of things that can be automated. When you “Display Automation” for a track (happens if you use this command) you can see the enormous set of parameters that can be manipulated. You can even automate a change of MIDI channel!

Automation is the “program” that is applied to the tracks in the project. The sounds that are made come from the MIDI instruments or audio files that “sound” at a point in time. What happens to the sound is modified by plugins. All of the things that can occur over time – changes to plugins, volume, pan, all of it – the automation – is the program that gets written to create the finished product.

It appears that almost every single bit of what Logic can do is available as an “automation” parameter. We program the environment through automation, and allow real-time control to be applied – and recorded!

From the past – “MIDI Draw” – need to check old manuals to learn more about this. This leads me back to the days of Opcode Vision and the entire MIDI orchestra world.

Use the Automation/MIDI area in the Piano Roll Editor – Logic Pro X:

 

When track-based automation is displayed in the Automation/MIDI area, the displayed automation curve is identical to the automation curve displayed in the automation lane in the Tracks area. Any adjustments to the automation curve made in either location is reflected immediately in the other. However, with region-based automation, you can choose to display either the automation curve associated with the region in the Tracks area automation lane or the MIDI data associated with individual notes. Therefore, with region-based automation it is possible to have the automation lane in the Tracks area showing the automation curve associated with the region and the Automation/MIDI area displaying MIDI data associated with each note (or vice versa).

 

 ⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

Set Automation Select Tool – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Set Automation Select Tool

The performance part of mixing, mastering, and editing sound. Just as sound occurs over time the changes of the sounds do as well. Being able to copy or move automation is just as important as being able to copy a chorus or a verse. There is value in reproducible “movement”.

I’m just reminding myself that automation is my friend and I should remember to use it as a mixing tool. I don’t always have to create a region to make some simple fader moves.

Select, copy, and move automation – Logic Pro X

After you create automation points and curves, you can easily change things to meet your needs. You can copy automation within a track or between tracks and can move automation within a track. When moving regions, you can choose whether or not to move any existing automation with it.

 

 

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

Create 1 Track Automation Point at Region Borders ⌃⇧⌘1 – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Create 1 Track Automation Point at Region Borders  ⌃⇧⌘1

Creates automation points that can be used to change the automation of the entire region. Create the points, grab the “curve” and move it.

Region-based vs. track-based automation – Logic Pro X

Logic Pro offers two types of automation: track-based automation, and region-based automation. Track-based automation can be applied to the entire track, from the beginning to the end of your project. Region-based automation only applies to the specific region the automation parameters are connected to. With track-based automation, if you re-record, move or copy regions (either to another point on the same track, or to another track) the automation data remains tied to the initial point on the track in which it was created. With region-based automation, if you re-record the region, the automation is lost; if you move or copy the region (either to another point on the same track, or to another track) the automation remains with the region. Region-based automation is particularly useful when you are automating instrument parameters.

 

 

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

Toggle Current Track Automation Touch/Read ⌃2⃣ – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Toggle Current Track Automation Touch/Read        ⌃2⃣

Control-Touch Bar 2

Arm/disarm tracks for Touch Automation.

I am going to try mapping Touch Bar commands to keypad commands.

There are dedicated buttons on the MCU for Automation which accomplish setting the Automation modes.

The GROUP button caught my eye – it is NOT an Automation function. It does let you control group settings and add/remove tracks from groups. The cursor pad controls which group and lets you scroll through the parameters.

Choose automation modes – Logic Pro X

 

Automation modes determine how automation tracks are treated. Automation is either being read or being written. You can independently set the automation mode for each track. You can also trim automation values and record relative automation data.

 

 

Touch: Plays back automation in the same way as Read mode. You can modify the value of the chosen automation parameter by moving controls in Touch mode. After the fader or knob is released, the parameter follows existing automation on the track.

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

Command    Key Touch Bar
- Global Commands
Toggle Current Track Automation Off/Read ⌃⌘O ⌃3⃣
Toggle Current Track Automation Touch/Read ⌃2⃣
Toggle Current Track Automation Latch/Read ⌃⌘A
Toggle Current Track Automation Write/Read
Toggle Current Track Automation Trim Mode
Toggle Current Track Automation Write Relative Mode