Attach Symbol: Accent – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Attach Symbol: Accent

Add an accent mark to a note (or rest?) in a score. There are fine controls for what an accent does when played (increased MIDI velocity)

Add accents and other symbols to notes – Logic Pro X

The Part box includes symbols such as accents, fermatas, phrasing marks, bow markings, and others that apply to a single note, over which the symbol appears. (Trills are in a separate section).

 

 MIDI Meaning settings – Logic Pro X

These settings determine if, and to what extent, the insertion of the listed symbols affects the MIDI playback of notes (that these symbols are attached to).

 

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

Attach Symbol: Flageolet – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Attach Symbol: Flageolet

Small circle (un-filled) above a note in a score. I am not at all familiar with this notation. 

Mathematical models of flageolet harmonics on stringed instruments – ScienceDirect

Flageolet is a common technique to elicit harmonics on stringed instruments like guitars, pianos, and the violin family: the bowed or plucked string is subdivided by a slight touch of the finger. The paper discusses appropriate linear wave equations which model the flageolet phenomenon. The standard second order wave equation fails, because the resulting Dirichlet boundary condition at the finger uncouples the two parts of the string and produces tones different from the flageolet. We include and discuss fourth order corrections, due to string stiffness, as a possible source for the flageolet phenomenon.

 

 

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

Settings: Clefs and Signatures ⌃⌥⇧L – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Settings: Clefs and Signatures    ⌃⌥⇧L


Scoring musical parts is a simple task that is rife with complexity. I haven’t done any scoring since the early 1990s when Finale first came out. At that time the tutorial was an eight to ten day affair, and if I stopped working with it I would lose the skills rapidly.

If I have any significant scoring needs I will probably choose some other tool, but for now I am glad that Logic has this all built in. I can work with this.

Clefs & Signatures settings – Logic Pro X

Clefs and Signatures settings are available only when Additional Score Options is selected in Advanced preferences.

 

 

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

Attach Symbol: Down-Bow – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Attach Symbol: Down-Bow

I do not read string parts, so all the performance notes are a learning experience for me. The down-bow mark is found in the Parts Box (Score Editor) under “Ornaments”.

The symbol is not included in any font that I have easy access to. It has three sides – left, top, right. The top line is thicker than the sides.

Unicode Character ‘MUSICAL SYMBOL COMBINING DOWN BOW’ (U+1D1AA)

MUSICAL SYMBOL COMBINING DOWN BOW

 

 

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

Explode Folders ⌃F – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Explode Folders ⌃F

Used in the Score Editor to show/hide contents of folders in the display. Folders are a workflow thing, and I’m just not seeing the benefits in smaller projects.

Show or hide folder contents – Logic Pro X

If the current display level allows more than one MIDI region to be viewed simultaneously (linked or unlinked), the Explode Folders setting lets you display, and print, the contents of different display (folder) levels simultaneously.

 

 Still not seeing where it can help me…

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

Transpose Region/Event +1 Semitone or Nudge Automation up 1 Step ⌥↑ – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Transpose Region/Event +1 Semitone or Nudge Automation up 1 Step    ⌥↑

Raise the pitch of the selected region or event. Works in the Score Editor, Piano Roll, Arrange window. For automation the step is determined by the parameter being automated. Volume is .1 dB. Pan is -63 to +64. Basically the parameter gets 128 values with zero as the center.

Using the nudge keys can help fine-tuning automation curves. Changing pitch is obviously a useful tool. 

Change the pitch, duration, and velocity of notes – Logic Pro X

 

You can change the pitch and duration (length) of selected notes in the Score Editor, as well as their MIDI velocity. The Velocity value signifies how hard the key was struck when the note was recorded. It often corresponds to the volume of the note when played back, but can control other parameters as well.

 

 

 I can’t seem to locate any specific documentation about using these commands to nudge automation.

Add and adjust automation points – Logic Pro X

To create changes over time to volume, pan, and effects settings, you add automation points to a track’s automation curve at different places, and then adjust the automation points so the value of the setting changes. You can adjust automation points by moving them up or down to a new value or by moving them left or right to a new point in the timeline. Numerical values are displayed alongside each automation point. You can also raise or lower the value of MIDI parameters associated with notes in instrument tracks or Drummer tracks. Note and numerical values are displayed alongside each MIDI data point. You can also add automation points at selection area or region borders.

 

 

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

Command    Key Touch Bar
- Main Window Tracks and Various Editors
Transpose Region/Event +1 Semitone or Nudge Automation up 1 Step ⌥↑
Transpose Region/Event -1 Semitone or Nudge Automation down 1 Step ⌥↓
Transpose Region/Event +12 Semitones or Nudge Automation up 10 Steps ⌥⇧↑
Transpose Region/Event -12 Semitones or Nudge Automation down 10 Steps ⌥⇧↓

- Views Showing Automation
Nudge Automation up 1 Step
Nudge Automation down 1 Step
Nudge Automation up 10 Steps
Nudge Automation down 10 Steps

Independent Grace – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Independent Grace

Grace notes are independent from the note they are attached to. They don’t “count” when calculating measures. 

Add grace notes and independent notes – Logic Pro X

When Additional Score Options is selected in the Advanced preferences pane, you can add grace notes and other independent notes to a score. Independent notes are notes that aren’t included in the automatic rhythmic (and graphic) display calculation of a measure, but are still played back via MIDI.

Logic Pro X commands as band names…this one works 😉

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

Attach Symbol: Jazz 2 – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Attach Symbol: Jazz 2

 Used in the Score Editor. Only available as a key command (not in any menu). I previously posted a scoring command in one of the first entries – “Attach Symbol: Pizzicato” – which basically punted the explanation. I learn.

I have searched through the available documentation for Logic Pro X and can find nothing that explains what this command does, or what are the symbols labelled “Jazz”. Nothing. Crickets. I continued my search on the internet (where I discovered my lack of proper work, see above link) and found some interesting pointers. The first real clue came from the “Logic Express 7 – User Manual” in the discussion of the Part Box. Lots of words about palettes and floating palettes. Hmmm. Not happening in Logic Pro X.

 

Logic Express 7 - Jazz Symbols

Note that there are 7 symbols, but only 6 commands. Odd.

I can now state that today’s command will attach the first Jazz symbol (highlighted in the picture) to the note(s) selected in the score window. Ta-da!

There is a decent description of the Part Box and how to use it in the Logic Pro 9 documentation as well. It is basically the same, with the same methods for use.

The Part Box changed dramatically in Logic Pro X! It doesn’t work the same way. Apparently all of the visual cues from Logic 9 documentation – screenshots of sections in the part box – were removed and replaced with some different textual description of what is where and what it does.

A first-time user of Logic will be utterly lost. No names for the palettes. The revenge of the icon driven user interface. Labels (at least show some text if I hover over it) could be provided.

I am grumpy. I need to “check my work” and make sure that the new, iBooks-only, version of the documentation is incomplete…back in a moment.

Wow…

Reset note attributes
You can reset all note attributes to their default settings if you decide you don’t want to keep your changes. When resetting note attributes, be aware that all symbols directly attached to notes (accents, fermatas, jazz symbols, and so on) are deleted.

Excerpt From: Apple Inc. “Logic Pro X User Guide.” Apple Books. https://itunes.apple.com/us/book/logic-pro-x-user-guide/id960809726?mt=11

 

Pop/Jazz (3/5/7-all): 5ths, 3rds, and 7ths are changed in this mode. It’s great for Pop and Jazz styles, especially when using sustained chords. It’s less suitable for polyphonic music, as the detuning of the natural 7th is significant. This mode should always be used with a Depth of 90% or 100%, as other values render the natural 7th acoustically ineffective.

Excerpt From: Apple Inc. “Logic Pro X User Guide.” Apple Books. https://itunes.apple.com/us/book/logic-pro-x-user-guide/id960809726?mt=11

Above you will see the three occurrences of the word “jazz” in the latest documentation. First reference to jazz symbols is in the bit about what gets deleted when you reset note attributes.

Kind of unfortunate. I will be keeping my old Logic documentation (whatever I can scour) so I might be able to take full command of the current version.

 

 

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

 

Command    Key Touch Bar
- Score Editor
Attach Symbol: Jazz 1
Attach Symbol: Jazz 2
Attach Symbol: Jazz 3
Attach Symbol: Jazz 4
Attach Symbol: Jazz 5
Attach Symbol: Jazz 6

Forward by Division Value – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Forward by Division Value

Move the selected events forward in time (and position in the score.)

Move and copy items in the Score Editor – Logic Pro X

To move the selected events forward or backward one division step (as set in the LCD): Use Nudge Region/Event Position Left by Division and Nudge Region/Event Position Right by Division.

 

 It was not immediately clear what was meant by “division”. The best definition I could find is

Snap items to the grid – Logic Pro X

Division: Edit operations snap to the nearest division value. (This is the time signature shown in the LCD and the ruler.)

 

 

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

Default Syncopation – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Default Syncopation

Sets syncopation to the default state.

Syncopation – Logic Pro X

 

Syncopation involves rhythmic patterns that go against the normal rhythm as defined by the time signature. The Syncopation setting helps you produce a cleaner-looking score by displaying syncopated notes with fewer ties or subdivisions.

 

 

 

Change the syncopation or interpretation of notes – Logic Pro X

 

By default, note syncopation and interpretation match the settings chosen in the Region inspector. You can change interpretation settings for individual notes to improve readability.

 

 

 

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

   Command Key Touch Bar

- Score Editor
Default Syncopation
Force Syncopation ⌃⇧Y
Defeat Syncopation ⌃Y


Set main finger 2 ⌃⌥⇧2 – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Set main finger 2  ⌃⌥⇧2

Another of the various scoring tools for stringed instruments.

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

Command    Key Touch Bar
- Score Editor
Clear main finger ⌃⌥⇧⌫
Set main finger 1 ⌃⌥⇧1
Set main finger 2 ⌃⌥⇧2
Set main finger 3 ⌃⌥⇧3
Set main finger 4 ⌃⌥⇧4
Set main finger 5 ⌃⌥⇧5
Clear pick finger
Set pick finger P
Set pick finger I
Set pick finger M
Set pick finger A
Set pick finger C

‘Ukulele Fingerpicking Patterns – Live Ukulele

‘Ukulele Fingerpicking Patterns – Live Ukulele

A cool thing about playing the ‘ukulele is that we have two hands doing completely different things on the instrument at the same time. The fretting hand controls the notes and harmony (chords). The picking hand controls when they are sounded.

A very deep dive happened while investigating Logic Pro X commands today. I always thought PIMAC stood for Pima County where I live…

Set pick finger C – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Set pick finger C

This is deep into the scoring of stringed instruments. A long way away from what I use Logic for.

‘Ukulele Fingerpicking Patterns – Live Ukulele

 

PIMA is a notation system that assigns a letter to each picking finger, leaving the pinky out. The pinky finger is unnecessary for playing ‘ukulele in this style because there are only four strings. Four strings = thumb + 3 fingers. The corresponding PIMA fingers are as follows: P = thumb, I = index, M = middle, A = ring.

Tablature settings – Logic Pro X

Tablature is a method of notating music for fretted string instruments—especially for guitar and electric bass—but also for other fretted instruments. In this system, the horizontal lines represent the strings of the instrument. Notes are always written on the line/string at which they are played. The fret numbers are shown instead of regular note heads. Logic Pro automatically converts notes into tablature, if a staff style containing a Clef parameter set to one of these tuning sets is used. The exact characteristics of these tuning sets are determined in the Tablature pane.

 

 

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

- Score Editor
Clear pick finger
Set pick finger P
Set pick finger I
Set pick finger M
Set pick finger A
Set pick finger C

Set MIDI Channel to Voice Number – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Set MIDI Channel to Voice Number

Consistent terminology is so important. Polyphony is often described as ‘number of voices’. Unfortunately ‘voice number’ is never adequately defined. Usage of voices isn’t well defined either.

In general ‘Voice’ is used to describe part of a score.

MuseScore defines voices as

A voice is a musical line or part which can have its own rhythm independently of other voices on the same staff. Voices are sometimes called “layers” in other notation software.

NB I found that I can have 11 voices on one staff. Not sure how useful that is.

Split chords in the Piano Roll Editor – Logic Pro X

 

Logic Pro assigns MIDI channel numbers (in ascending order) to individual note pitches in the selected MIDI region. The highest note pitch in each chord is assigned as MIDI channel 1, the next note down in each chord channel 2, and so on.

 

 

 

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND

Set Text Tool – Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day

Logic Pro X keyboard command of the day. #LogicProX @StudioIntern1

  Set Text Tool

Normally used in scoring mode – chord symbols, lyrics, performance notes.

The Text Tool can be used to edit the names of regions as well. Normally I rename regions using ⇧N with a region selected. I guess the Text Tool could be used if I was doing a lot of renaming.

As an exercise I will look to see if I can create Nashville Number charts in Logic.

Assign tools – Logic Pro X

 

You can assign tools to the Left-click and Command-click Tool menus. The pointer adopts the shape of the active tool, so you can quickly identify which tool is being used.

 

 

 

⇧ SHIFT  –  ⌃ CONTROL  –  ⌥ OPTION  –  ⌘ COMMAND